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ANGER


Anger is a strong feeling of displeasure or hostility. Anger is an emotion that strikes all people at one time or another. The way you react to anger, however, is more important than whether you become angry frequently. People often respond violently and uncontrollably to anger. It snatches away the wisdom of man and thus, he becomes a brute being devoid of any sense. [1]

 

Islamically, anger is a temptation and deception of Shaitân.  Anger is one of the evil whispers of Shaitan, which leads to so many evils and tragedies, of which only Allah سبحانه و تعالىknows their full extent.

 

Table of Contents

 

Definition

Anger is a secret weapon of man towards of evils but sometimes its result’s in the destruction of many noble qualities. It snatches away the wisdom of man and thus he becomes a brute beast devoid of any sense. Anger is a temptation of shaytaan and deception of shaytaan Anger is the root of all evils. Anger is a spark of fire that are always bursting. Anger is a very bad condition that weakens the person Iman (FAITH) The meaning of anger is a rage fierce, displeasure, passion excited by a sense of wrong , physical pain, inflammation, mad, hot tempered, choleric, inflamed, A violent passion excited by real or supposed injury. Anger is the strong feeling caused by extreme displeasure. Anger is a strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure and hostility. [2] [3]

 

Qur’an

The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allâh سبحانه و تعالىordered the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly), then verily! he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. Qur’an.Surah Fussilat 41:34

 

Those who spend [in Allâh's سبحانه و تعالىCause - deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allâh loves Al-Muhsinûn (the good­doers). Qur'an.Surah Aal-'Imran 3:134

 

Hadith

Muhammad said,”The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strenth, but the one who controls himself while in anger.” Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith Vol 8:135 (NE 6114)

 

A man said to the Prophet , "Advise me!" The Prophet said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious."  Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith Vol 8:137

 

“Do not get angry, and Paradise will be yours.” Saheeh al-Jaami’, 7374 [4]

 

Remedy for Anger

Narrated Sulaiman bin Sarad رضي الله عنه: Two men abused each other in front of the Prophet while we were sitting with him. One of the two abused his companion furiously and his face became red. The Prophet said, "I know a word (sentence) the saying of which will cause him to relax if this man says it. Only if he said, 'I seek refuge with Allahسبحانه و تعالى from Satan, the outcast.

(أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ)' " Hadith - Sahih Bukhari 8.136 (NE 6115)

 

Narrated Abu Dharr رضي الله عنه: The Apostle of Allah said to us: When one of you becomes angry while standing, he should sit down. If the anger leaves him, well and good; otherwise he should lie down. Sahih Abi Dawood 4782.

 

And if there comes to you from Satan an evil suggestion, then seek refuge in Allah سبحانه و تعالى. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Knowing. Qur’an .surah 41:36 [5] [6]

 

Ten ways to defeat it

1 - Seek refuge with Allah from the Devil:

Sulayman bin Sard narrated رضي الله عنه:

"I was sitting with the Prophet , when two men began slandering one another. One of them was red in the face, and the veins on his neck were standing out. The Prophet said: "I know a word which, if he were to say it, what he feels would go away. If he said: "I seek refuge with Allah from the Devil," what he feels would go away.'" 'Fath al-Bari'; 6/337.

The Messenger of Allah said: "If a man gets angry and says: "I seek refuge with Allah سبحانه و تعالى," his anger will go away."'Sahih al-Jami' H. 695.

 

2 - Remain silent:

The Messenger of Allah said: "If any of you becomes angry, let him keep silent." 'Sahih al-Jami':693

 

3 - Sit down or lie down:

"Abu Dharr رضي الله عنهwas taking his camels to drink at a trough that he owned, when some other people came along and said to one another: "Who can compete with Abu Dharr رضي الله عنهin bringing animals to drink and make his hair stand on end?" A man said: "I can." So, he brought his animals and competed with Abu Dharr رضي الله عنهand ended up breaking the trough. Abu Dharr رضي الله عنهwas standing when he saw this, so, he sat down, then he laid down. Someone asked him: "O Abu Dharr رضي الله عنه, why did you sit down then lie down?" He said: "The Messenger of Allah said: "If any of you becomes angry and he is standing, let him sit down, so that his anger will go away. If it does not go away, let him lie down.""" Reported in the 'Musnad' of Ahmad 5/152 and 'Sahih al-Jami' 694.

 

al-Imamal-Khattabi رحمت اللهsaid: "One who is standing is in a position to strike and destroy, while the one who is sitting is less likely to do that, and the one who is lying down can do neither. It is possible that the Prophet told the angry person to sit down or lie down so that he would not do something that he would later regret, and Allah سبحانه و تعالىKnows best." 'Ma'alim as-Sunan'; 5/141.

 

4 - Smile:

Anas bin Malik رضي الله عنهnarrated: "I was walking with the Messenger of Allah , and he was wearing a Najrani cloak with a rough collar. A bedouin came and seized him roughly by the edge of his cloak, and I saw the marks left on his neck by the collar. Then the bedouin ordered him to give him some of the wealth of Allah سبحانه و تعالىthat he had. The Prophet turned to him and smiled, then ordered that he should be given something." 'Fath al-Bari'; 10/375.

 

5 - Remember the advice of the Prophet :

Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنهnarrated:"A man said to the Prophet : "Advise me." He said: "Do not become angry." The man repeated his request several times, and each time the Prophet said to him:"Do not become angry."" 'Fath al-Bari'; 10/456.

 

According to another narration, the man later said: "I thought about what the Prophet said, and I realized that anger combines all kinds of evil."  Reported in the 'Musnad' of Ahmad; 5/373.


6 - Remember the high status of those who control themselves:

The Messenger of Allah said: "The strong man is not the one who can overpower others. Rather, the strong man is the one who controls himself when he gets angry." Reported in the 'Musnad' of Ahmad; 2/236, and it is authentic

 

The Messenger of Allah also said: "The strongest man is the one who, when he gets angry and his face reddens and his hackles rise, is able to defeat his anger." 'Sahih al-Jami':3859.

Anas bin Malik رضي الله عنهnarrated: "The Messenger of Allah passed by some people who were wrestling. He asked: "What is this?" They said: "So-and-so is the strongest; he can beat anybody." The Messenger of Allah then said: "Shall I not tell you who is even stronger then him? The man who, when he is mistreated by another, controls his anger, has defeated his own devil and the devil of the one who made him angry."" 'Fath al-Bari'; 10/519.

 

7 - Rewards for those who control their anger:

The Messenger of Allah said:"Do not become angry, and Paradise is yours." 'Sahih al-Jami'; 7374.

 

The Messenger of Allah said: "Whoever controls his anger at the time when he has the means to act upon it, Allah سبحانه و تعالىwill call him before all of mankind on the Day of Resurrection, and will let him choose of the Hur al-'Ayn whoever he wants." Reported by Abu Dawud H: 4777, and it is in 'Sahih al-Jami' H:6518.

 

8 - Remember that resisting anger is one of the signs of righteousness:

{"And march forth in the way to forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for the righteous; those who spend in prosperity and in adversity, repress anger, and pardon men. Verily, Allah loves the good-doers."} Qur’an.Surah Al 'Imran: 134.

 

9 - Submit to reminders:

Ibn 'Abbas رضي الله عنهnarrated: "A man sought permission to speak to 'Umar bin al-Khattab رضي الله عنه, then he said: "O Ibn al-Khattab رضي الله عنه, you are not giving us much and you are not judging fairly between us." 'Umar رضي الله عنهwas so angry that he was about to attack the man, but al-Hurr bin Qays رضي الله عنه- who was one of those present - said: "O Commander of the Believers! Allah سبحانه و تعالىsaid to His Prophet : {"Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish."} Qur’an.Surah Al-A'raf 7:199, and this man is one of the foolish." By Allah سبحانه و تعالى, 'Umar رضي الله عنهcould go no further after al-Hurr رضي الله عنهhad recited this verse to him, as he a man who was careful to adhere to the Book of Allah سبحانه و تعالى." 'Fath al-Bari': 4/304.

 

...as opposed to how one of the hypocrites reacted when one of the Companions said to him: "Seek refuge with Allah سبحانه و تعالىfrom the Devil," So, he replied: "Do you think I am crazy? Go away!" 'Fath al-Bari' Vol: 1/465.

 

10 - Remember the bad effects of anger:

'Alqamah bin Wa'il رضي الله عنهnarrated: "My father said to me: "I was sitting with the Prophet , when a man came to him leading another man by a rope. He said: "O Messenger of Allah , this man killed my brother." The Messenger of Allah asked him, "Did you kill him?" He said: "Yes, I killed him." He asked: "How did you kill him?" He said: "He and I were hitting a tree to make the leaves fall for animal feed, and then he insulted me, so I struck him on the side of the head with an axe and killed him." 'Sahih Muslim' H:1307. [7] [8]

 

Scholars view

‘Abdullâh ibn Mubârak رضي الله عنهwould say, "The world is the believer’s prison. The best action in the prison is patience and control of one’s anger. The believer has no country in the world, His land will be there tomorrow in the Afterlife." [9]

 

References

[1] http://www.thefreedictionary.com/anger

[2] [7] http://www.turntoislam.com/threads/islam-and-the-prophet-muhammed-pbuh-show-us-how-to-move-away-from-anger-and-violence.9011/

[3] http://www.islamawareness.net/Anger/anger.html

[4] [5] [9] http://muttaqun.com/anger.html

[6] http://www.sunnah.com/bukhari/78#142

[8] http://www.kalamullah.com/personality20.html

 

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