Send an article  |  Print   |  ../file-system/small/pdf   |   RSS   |  

ALI IBN ABI TALIB (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM)


Alī(R) was the only person born in the Kaaba sanctuary in Makkah, the sacred place in Islam. His father was Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (Quraishi) and his mother was Fatima bint Asad but he was raised in the household of Muhammad , who himself was raised by Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle. When Muhammad reported receiving a divine revelation, ʿAlīwas among the first to accept his message, dedicating his life to the cause of Islam.  [1]

 

Table of Contents

 

Brief Biography

'Ali ibn Abee Taalib was the cousin of the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him as well as his son-in-law because of his marriage to Fatima the daughter of the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him. He entered the religion of Islam when he was only nine years old and he was the first boy to accept Islam. 'Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) emigrated from Makkah to Medina and he fought alongside the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him in the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Uhud, the Battle of Al-Khandaq and all of the other battles except for the Battle of Tabuk because the Prophet peace be upon him ordered him to stay with his family. Moreover, in many of the battles, the Messenger of Allah gave 'Ali the responsibility of carrying the flag of the Muslim Army and he became well known for his valor and bravery.

 

The Migration Of 'Ali Ibn Abee Taalib from Makkah To Medina

Ibn Ishaaq said: "And ('Ali) was the last of the Muslims to arrive in Medina because the Messenger of Allah  ordered 'Ali to stay behind and sleep in his bed (in order to deceive the pagan Arabs of the Quraish and delay their pursuit of the Prophet .

 

The Virtues Of 'ALI IBN ABEE TAALIB

In a hadith narrated upon the authority Sahl ibn Sa'd (May Allah be pleased with him) who said: "On the day of Khaibar, the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said:

 

"Tomorrow I will give this flag to a man through whose hands Allah will give us victory. He loves Allah and His Messenger, and he is loved by Allah and His Messenger." The people remained that night wondering as to whom would be given (the flag). In the morning the people went to the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him and every one of them was hopeful to receive (the flag). The Prophet said: "Where is 'Ali ibn Abee Taalib?" It was said: "O Messenger of Allah he is suffering from eye trouble." He said: "Send for him." 'Ali was brought and the Messenger of Allah spat in his eye and invoked good upon him and 'Ali was cured as if he never had any trouble. Then the Prophet peace be upon him gave him the flag. 'Ali said: "I will fight them until they become like us." The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said: "Proceed and do not hurry. When you enter their territory, call them to embrace Islam and inform them of Allah's rights which they should observe, for by Allah, even if a single man is led on the right path (of Islam) by Allah through you, then that will be better for you than the nice red camels." [2]

 

Full Name

Ali ibn Abī Tālib ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib b. Hashim b. 'Abd Manaf b. Qusayy b. Kilab b. Murrah b. Ka'b

 

Parents

Abu Talib ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib/ Fatima bint Asad

 

Siblings

Talib ibn Abi Talib, 'Aqeel ibn Abi Talib, Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, Umm Hani bint Abi Talib, Jumanah bint Abi Talib

 

Birth Date/Place

23 BH/600 CE (13 Rajab) (Makkah)

 

Death Date/Place

40 AH/661 CE (21 Ramadhan) (Kufa)[ In-sha-Allah Martyred ]

 

Places of Stay

Makkah/Medina/kufa

 

Area of Interest

Tafsir/Quran, Recitation/Quran, Narrator [ ع - صحابة ], Commander, Khalifah

 

Spouse(s)

Fatima bint Muhammad, Khawlah bint Ja'far, Asma bint 'Umays, Umm Walad(s).

 

Children

Hassan ibn Ali bin Abi Talib, Hussain ibn 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, Zaynab bint 'Ali bin Abi Talib, Umm Kulthum bint 'Ali bin Abi Talib, Muhammad bin 'Ali bin al-Hanfiyyah, al-Abbas, 'Umar bin 'Ali bin Abi Talib, Ja'far, 'Uthman, Yahya (died young), Fatima bint 'Ali bin Abi Talib, others

 

Teachers/Narrated From

Muhammad , Abu Bakr As-Siddique, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, Fatima bint Muhammad, al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad

 

Students/Narrated By

Hassan ibn Ali bin Abi Talib, Hussain ibn 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, ibn Mas'ud, al-Bara' bin Azib bin al-Harith, Abu Hurairah, Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, Suhayb bin Sinan ar-Rumi, Safinah, ibn Abbas, ibn Umar, 'Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr, 'Abdullah ibn Ja'far, Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, Jabir bin Samra, Zayd bin Arqam, Abu Musa al-Asha'ari, Abu Umama bin Sahl, Abu Layla, Ja'dah bin Hubayra bin Abi Wahb, Bashr bin Sahaym, 'Amr bin Hurayth bin 'Amr bin 'Uthman, Abu Juhayfa al-Sawai', Mas'ud bin al-Hakam bin al-Rabi', Abu al-Tufayl, Muhammad bin 'Ali bin al-Hanfiyyah, 'Umar bin 'Ali bin Abi Talib, Fatima bint 'Ali bin Abi Talib, 'Ali bin al-Husain bin 'Ali, Umm Musa, al-Nazal bin Sabra, People of Kufa, Others

 

Narrations

Sahih Bukhari: 95    Sahih Muslim: 51 [3]

 

References

[1] [3] http://www.muslimscholars.info/

[2] http://www.pbuh.us/prophetMuhammad.php?f=Re_10_AliIbnAbeeTaalib

 

3202 Views
Correct us and Correct yourself
.
Comments
Top of page