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ALCOHOL-THE MOTHER OF EVILS


The word alcohol is derived from the Arabic word al-kohl, which means fermented grains, fruits or sugars that form an intoxicating beverage when fermented. Khamr or khamrah is the word used in the Qur'an to denote a fermented beverage that intoxicates a person when he/she drinks it. It is sometimes translated as "wine."

 

Table of Contents

 

Intoxication risks

Intoxication is the most common cause of alcohol-related problems, leading to injuries and premature deaths. As a result, intoxication accounts for two-thirds of the years of life lost from drinking. Alcohol is responsible for:

 

  • 30% of road accidents
  • 44% of fire injuries
  • 34% of falls and drownings
  • 16% of child abuse cases
  • 12% of suicides
  • 10% of industrial accidents

 

As well as deaths, short-term effects of alcohol result in illness and loss of work productivity (e.g. hangovers, drink driving offences). In addition, alcohol contributes to criminal behaviour - in Australia over 70% of prisoners convicted of violent assaults have drunk alcohol before committing the offence and more than 40% of domestic violence incidents involve alcohol. [1]

 

WHO Report

  • The harmful use of alcohol results in 2.5 million deaths each year.
  • 320 000 young people between the age of 15 and 29 die from alcohol-related causes, resulting in 9% of all deaths in that age group.
  • Alcohol is the world’s third largest risk factor for disease burden; it is the leading risk factor in the Western Pacific and the Americas and the second largest in Europe.
  • Alcohol is associated with many serious social and developmental issues, including violence, child neglect and abuse, road traffic accidents and absenteeism in the workplace.

 

The harmful use of alcohol is also associated with several infectious diseases like HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This is because alcohol consumption weakens the immune system and has a negative effect on patients’ adherence to antiretroviral treatment. [2]

 

Every alcoholic was initially a social drinker

Many may argue in favour of liquor by calling themselves as social drinkers. They claim that they only have one or two pegs and they have self-control and so never get intoxicated. Investigations reveal that every alcoholic started as a social drinker. Not a single alcoholic or drunkard initially starts drinking with the intention of becoming an alcoholic or a drunkard. No social drinker can say that I have been having alcohol for several years and that I have so much self-control that I have never been intoxicated even a single time.  [3]

 

Qur’an

It is affirmed by from Islamic sharee’ah that it came to bring and increase good things, and to ward off and reduce harmful things. Whatever is beneficial or mostly beneficial is permissible (halaal) and whatever is harmful or mostly harmful is forbidden (haraam). Alcohol undoubtedly falls into the second category. Allah (Glory be to Him) says (interpretation of the meaning): “They ask you (O Muhammad) concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say: In them is a great sin, and (some) benefits for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit” (Qur'an SURAH BAQARAH 2 : 219)

 

The harmful and evil effects of alcohol are well known to all people, to knowledgeable and ignorant alike. Among the harmful effects of alcohol is that which was mentioned by Allah (Glory be to Him) (interpretation of the meaning): “O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), and gambling, and Al Ansaab (stone altars for offering sacrifices to idols, the jinn, etc), and Al Azlaam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an abomination of Shaytaan’s (Satan’s) handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful. (Qur'an Surah Maidah 5:90)

 

Shaytaan (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah (Glory be to Him) and from As Salaah (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain?

 

And obey Allah (Glory be to Him) and the Messenger (Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace)), and beware (of even coming near to drinking or gambling or Al Ansaab, or Al Azlaam) and fear Allah (Glory be to Him). Then if you turn away, you should know that it is Our Messenger’s duty to convey (the Message) in the clearest way” QUR’AN.SURAH MAIDAH 5:  90, 91

 

Hadith

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (R) that: The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace)  said: “Every intoxicant is unlawful and every intoxicant is Khamr.” SAHIH MUSLIM 4966 and SUNAN NASEE Vol. 6: 5585

 

It was narrated from Salim bin ‘Abdullah’ (May Allah be pleased with Him) from his father, that: The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “Allah has forbidden Khamr, and every intoxicant is unlawful.” SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 6:5703

 

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (R) said: “The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: ‘Every intoxicant is unlawful.’” SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 6:5591

 

It was narrated that Abu Musa (R) said: “The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: ‘Every intoxicant is unlawful.’” SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 6:5598 and 5600

 

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (R) said: “Intoxicants are unlawful in small or large amounts.” SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 6:5701

 

Narrated Ibn `Umar (R) said that, I heard ‘Umar, (May Allah be pleased with Him) while he was on the pulpit of the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) saying, “Now then O people! The revelation about the prohibition of alcoholic drinks was revealed; and alcoholic drinks are extracted from five things: Grapes, dates, honey, wheat and barley. And the alcoholic drink is that which confuses and stupefies the mind.” SAHIH BUKHARI Vol. 6:60, 143

 

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (R) said: “I heard ‘Umar, (May Allah be pleased with him, delivering a Khutbah on the Minbar of Al-Madinah and he said: ‘O people, on the day that the prohibition of Khamr was revealed, it was made from five things: From grapes, dates, honey, wheat and barley. Khamr is that which overcomes the mind.’” SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 6:51, 5582

 

Punishment for drinking alcohol

There are very many ahadeeth and reports which state that alcohol is emphatically forbidden and that it is the mother of all evils; whoever falls into this sin, it will lead him into other evil actions. We ask Allah (Glory be to Him) to keep us safe and sound. With regard to the punishment of the drinker in this world, the punishment is flogging, according to the consensus of the fuqaha.

 

Anas (R) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) used to strike forty times with shoes and palm branches (in case of drinking of) wine. SAHIH MUSLIM 4230

But there is some difference of opinion as to the number of lashes. The majority of scholars are of the view that it is eighty lashes for a free man and forty for others. They quoted as evidence the hadeeth of Anas

 

Narrated Anas (R): That a man who had drunk wine was brought to the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace), so he beat him about forty times with two stalks of a palm tree. So Abu Bakr (R) did similarly, and by the time ‘Umar (R) became Khalifah he sought council from the people. And ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Awf said: ‘I see that the lightest penalty is eighty lashes,’ so ‘Umar (R) ordered that. SUNAN TIRMIDHI 26

 

The Sahabah agreed with ‘Umar (R) and did not differ. The Council of Senior Scholars is agreed that the punishment for one who drinks wine is the hard punishment, which is eighty lashes. Some of the scholars – such as Ibn Quddamah (may Allah have mercy on him) and Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah] in al-Ikhtiyaaraat – think that giving more than forty lashes is left to the discretion of the Muslim leader. So if he thinks that there is a need to give more than forty lashes, as happened at the time of ‘Umar (R), then he may make it eighty. And Allah (Glory be to Him) knows best.” TAWDEEH AL-AHKAAM 5/330

 

Alcohol is mother of evils

Narrated Ibn Abbas the Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “Alcohol is the mother of all evils, the greatest of major sins. Whoever drinks it may end up committing incest with his mother, his maternal aunt and his paternal aunt.” TABARANI MAJME KABEER HADITH 11498, SAHEEH AL JAAMI HADITH 3345, SILSILAH AL-SAHEEHAH 1853

 

It was narrated from Abu Bakr bin ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Harith that his father said:”I heard ‘Uthman, (R), say: ‘Avoid Khamr for it is the mother of all evils. There was a man among those who came before you who was a devoted worshipper. An immoral woman fell in love with him. She sent her slave girl to him, saying: We are calling you to bear witness. So he set out with her slave girl, and every time he entered a door, she locked it behind him, until he reached a beautiful woman who has with her a boy and a vessel of wine. She said: ‘By Allah, I did not call you to bear witness, rather I called you to have intercourse with me, or to drink a cup of this wine, or to kill this boy.’ He said: ‘Pour me a cup of this wine.’ So she poured him a cup. He said: ‘Give me more.’ And soon he had intercourse with her and killed the boy. So avoid Khamr, for by Allah (Glory be to Him) faith and addiction to Khamr cannot coexist but, one of them will soon expel the other.” SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 6:5669

 

Allah has cursed the drinker of alcohol

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (R): The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: Allah has cursed wine, its drinker, its server, its seller, its buyer, its presser, the one for whom it is pressed, the one who conveys it, and the one to whom it is conveyed. ABU DAWOOD 3666

 

The one who is addicted to alcohol is like one who worship idol

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (R) said: The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “The one who is addicted to alcohol is like one who worships an idol.” IBN MAJAH 3375

 

The one who is addicted to alcohol will be denied admission to Paradise

It was narrated from Abu-Darda (R)’ that the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “No one who is addicted to alcohol will enter Paradise.” IBN MAJAH 3376

 

Narrated Ibn Umar (R): Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever drinks alcoholic drinks in the world and does not repent (before dying), will be deprived of it in the Hereafter.” SAHIH BUKHARI Vol. 7:481

 

Ibn ‘Umar (R) reported Allah’s Messenger (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) as saying:Every intoxicant is Khamr and every intoxicant is forbidden. He who drinks wine in this world and dies while he is addicted to it, not having repented, will not be given a drink in the Hereafter. SAHIH MUSLIM 4963 AND ABU DAWOOD 3671

 

Drinker of alcoholic drink is not a believer at the time of drinking
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (R) said:”The Messenger of Allah [May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace] said: ‘The adulterer is not a believer at the moment when he is committing adultery, and the wine drinker is not a believer at the moment when he is drinking wine, and the thief is not a believer at the moment when he is stealing, and the robber is not a believer at the moment when he is robbing and people are looking on.’” SAHIH BUKHARI Vol. 7, 484 and Vol. 8, 801 and SAHIH MUSLIM 109 AND SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 6:5662

Prayer (salah) will not be accepted for forty days

The fact that his prayers are not accepted does not mean that the person’s prayers are invalid, or that he should give up prayer. Rather what it means is that he will not be rewarded for them. So the purpose of his prayer is to fulfil his duty and to avoid the punishment for not praying.

 

It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr (R) said: The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “Whoever drinks alcohol and gets drunk, his prayers will not be accepted for forty days, and if he dies he will go to Hell, but if he repents, Allah (Glory be to Him) will accept his repentance. If he drinks wine again and gets drunk, his prayer will not be accepted for forty days, and if he dies he will go to Hell, but if he repents, Allah (Glory be to Him) will accept his repentance. If he drinks wine again and gets drunk, his prayer will not be accepted for forty days, and if he dies he will go to Hell, but if he repents, Allah (Glory be to Him) will accept his repentance. If he does that again, Allah (Glory be to Him) will give him to drink of the mud of khabaal on the Day of Resurrection.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah, what is the mud of khabaal?” He said, “The juice of the people of Hell.” IBN MAJAH HADITH 3377

 

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (R): That the Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “Whoever drinks Khamr, Salat is not accepted from him for forty days. If he repents, then Allah (Glory be to Him) will accept his repentance. It he returns to it, then Allah (Glory be to Him) will not accept his Salat for forty days. If he repents, then Allah (Glory be to Him)  will accept his repentance. If he returns to it, then Allah (Glory be to Him)  will not accepts his Salat for forty days. If he repents, then Allah (Glory be to Him)  will accept his repentance. If he returns to it a fourth time, Allah will not accept his Salat for forty days, and if he were to repent, Allah would not accept his repentance, and he will be given to drink from the river of Al-Khabal.” They said: “O Aby ‘Abdur-Rahman! What is the river of Al-Khabal?” He said: “A river of the pus from the inhabitants of the Fire.” SUNAN TIRMIDHI Hadith 2

 

Urwah bin Ruwaim narrated that: Ibn Ad-Dailami rode looking for ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-’As. Ibn Ad-Dailami said: “I entered upon him and said: ‘O ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr, did you hear the Messenger of Allah [May Allah Honour him and Grant him Peace] say anything concerning Khamr?’ He said: ‘Yes, I heard the Messenger of Allah [May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace] say: If a man among my Ummah drinks Khamr, Allah will not accept his Salah for forty days.’” SUNAN NASEEI, Hadith 5667

 

Prohibition of Every Drink that Intoxicates in Large Amounts

Jabir bin 'Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah(May Allah Honour him and Grant him Peace)  Said: "Whatever causes intoxication in large amounts, a small amount of it is (also) unlawful." Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 30, Hadith 3393


Amir bin Sa'd, from his father, that: The Prophet(May Allah Honour him and Grant him Peace forbade a small amount of whatever intoxicates in large amounts. Sunan Nasai Vol. 6, Book 51, Hadith 5612

 

Scholars view

ABU ‘ABD-ALLAAH IBN MANDAH SAID:

The phrase “his prayers will not be accepted” means that he will not be rewarded for his prayers for forty days, as a punishment for drinking alcohol. This is like what they said about the one who speaks when the imam is delivering the khutbah on Friday: he prays Jumu’ah [Friday prayer] but there is no Jumu’ah for him, meaning that he will not be given the reward for praying Jumu’ah, as a punishment for his sin. (TA’ZEEM QADR AL-SALAAH, 2/587, 588)

 

AL-NAWAWI SAID:

With regard to his prayer not being accepted, what this means is that he will not be rewarded for it, even though it is valid, and he does not have to repeat it. The Muslim has to fear Allah (Glory be to Him) and beware of the wiles and snares of the Shaytaan [Satan]. He should not let his soul become a plaything of the Shaytaan. If his Shaytaan overpowers him and makes him fall into sin and disobedience towards his Creator, then he must hasten to repent, because.

Narrated by Abu Ubaidah ibn Abdullah that the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “The one who repents from sin is like one who did not sin at all.” IBN MAJAH (HADITH 4250)

 

Ruling on selling alcohol to non-Muslim

It is not permissible to deal in foods and other things, such as alcohol, that Allah (Glory be to Him) has prohibited, even if one is selling to kaafirs, because it was reported that

 

Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Messenger of Allah (May Allah Honour him and Grant him Peace) as saying: Allah (Glory be to Him) forbade wine and the price paid for it, and forbade dead meat and the price paid for it, and forbade swine and the price paid for it. ABU DAWOOD Hadith 3478

 

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (May Allah Honour him and Grant him Peace) as saying in the Year of Victory while he was in Mecca:Verily Allahand His Messenger have forbidden the sale of wine, carcass, swine and idols….. SAHIH MUSLIM 384, SUNAN NASEEI Vol. 5:4261,
ABU DAWOOD 3479 AND SUNAN TIRMIDHI 99

 

NOT ONLY THOSE WHO DRINK ALCOHOL ARE CURSED BUT ALSO THOSE WHO DEAL WITH CURSED BY ALLAH. THEM DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY :-

Narrated Anas bin Malik: “The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) cursed ten involved in wine: The one who presses it, the one who has it pressed, its drinker, its carrier, and the one it is carried to, its server, its seller, the consumption of its price, the one who purchases it and the one it was purchased for.” SUNAN TIRMIDHI Hadith 97

 

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (R): The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah Honour him and Grant him Peace) said: Allah (Glory be to Him) has cursed wine, its drinker, its server, its seller, its buyer, its presser, the one for whom it is pressed, the one who conveys it, and the one to whom it is conveyed. ABU DAWOOD Hadith 3666

 

Ruling on working in a company, restaurant, stores etc where alcohol is sold

Working in alcohol Company,Restaurant is haraam and is an evil, because Allah (Glory be to Him) says (interpretation of the meaning): “Help you one another in Al Birr and At Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression” QUR’AN.SURAH AL-MAIDAH 5 : 2

 

NOT ONLY THOSE WHO DRINK ALCOHOL ARE CURSED BUT ALSO THOSE WHO DEAL WITH CURSED BY ALLAH. THEM DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY.:-

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (R): The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: Allah (Glory be to Him) has cursed wine, its drinker, its server, its seller, its buyer, its presser, the one for whom it is pressed, the one who conveys it, and the one to whom it is conveyed. ABU DAWOOD Hadith 3666


So you have to look for another, permissible job, and be certain that provision comes from Allah(Glory be to Him), and Allah (Glory be to Him) will not forsake His believing slave. Beware of letting hardship and difficult circumstances push you into seeking provision by disobeying Allah, may He be exalted.

 

Narrated Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allah (May Allah have mercy on Him) said: The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: “O people, fear Allah and be moderate in seeking a living, for no soul will die until it has received all its provision, even if it is slow in coming. So fear Allah (Glory be to Him)  and be moderate in seeking provision; take that which is permissible and leave that which is forbidden.” IBN MAJAH (HADITH 2135)

 

You should also remember that whoever gives up something for the sake of Allah (Glory be to Him), allah (Glory be to Him) will compensate him with something better than it,

Narrated from Abu Qataadah and Abu’l-Dahma’ who said: We came to a man from among the people of the desert and said: Did you hear anything from the Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace)? He said: Yes, I heard him say: “You will never give up anything for the sake of Allah (Glory be to Him), may He be glorified and exalted, but Allah (Glory be to Him) will give you something better than it in instead.” MUSNAD AHMAD 22565

 

Ruling on medicine containing alcohol

Medical treatment is something that is prescribed in sharee’ah, but it must be by using things that have been prescribed by Allah (Glory be to Him), may He be glorified and exalted, and by His Messenger (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace), because this is what may contain the cure. As for that which Allah has forbidden, there is no healing in it. One of the things which indicate that it is forbidden to treat disease with haraam things in general and with alcohol in particular becauseIbn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) says, “Allah did not put your healing in that which He has forbidden to you.” (FATH UL BAARI UNDER THE COMMENTARY OF 5291 HADITH OF SAHIH BUKHARI) (TALKHIS AL-HABIR BY IBN HAJAR ASQALANI)

 

Narrated Abu al-Darda: The Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: Allah (Glory be to Him) has sent down both the disease and the cure, and He has appointed a cure for every disease, so treat yourselves medically, but use nothing unlawful. ABU DAWOOD Hadith 3865

 

Wa’il al-Hadrami reported that Tariq b. Suwaid a-Ju’fiasked Allah’s Apostle (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) about liquor. He forbade (its use) and he expressed hatred that it should be prepared. He (Tariq) said:I prepare it as a medicine, whereupon he (the Prophet) said: It is no medicine, but an ailment. SAHIH MUSLIM Hadith 4892

 

It is not permissible to mix medicines with alcohol, because alcohol must be thrown away

Narrated Abu Al-Waddak: That Abu Sa’eed said: “We had some wine that belonged to an orphan. When Al-Ma’idah was revealed I asked the Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) about it, I said: ‘It belongs to an orphan.’ He said: ‘Spill it out.’” (SUNAN TIRMIDHI Hadith 65)

 

NOTE :-

Secondly, If the medicine is mixed with alcohol, and the percentage of alcohol is so great that this medicine is intoxicating, then it is khamr and it is haraam to take it. If the percentage of alcohol is very low and it does not intoxicate, then it is permissible to take it.

 

It is not permissible to mix medicines with intoxicants, but if it is mixed with alcohol, if drinking a lot of it will cause intoxication, it is haraam to handle it and drink it, whether a small amount or a large amount. If drinking a lot of it will not cause intoxication, then it is permissible to handle it and drink it. (FATAAWA AL-LAJNAH AL-DAA’IMAH 22/110)

 

SHAYKH IBN ‘UTHAYMEEN SAID :

With regard to some medicines that contain alcohol, if the effect of the alcohol in the medicine can be seen in the form of intoxication, then it is haraam, but if no effect is seen, and the alcohol is only added to it as a preservative, then there is nothing wrong with it, because the alcoholic content does not have any effect. (LIQAA’AAT IL-BAAB IL-MAFTOOHAH 3/231)

 

Ruling on using vessels that are used for drinking of alcohol

It is better for a Muslim to avoid using vessels that are used in drinking of alcohol, but if he cannot find anything else then it is permissible for him to use them on condition that he wash them with water before use.

 

Abu Tha’labah al-khushani (May Allah be pleased with Him) said that he asked the Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace):We live in the neighbourhood of the People of the Book and they cook in their pots(the flesh of) swine and drink wine in their vessels. The Messenger of Allah (May Allah honour Him and grant Him peace) said: If you find any other pots, then eat in them and drink. But if you do not find any others, then wash them with water and eat and drink (In them). (ABU DAWOOD Hadith 3830)

 

Conclusion

There are very many ahadith and reports which state that alcohol is emphatically forbidden and that it is the mother of all evils; whoever falls into this sin, it will lead him into other evil actions. [4]

 

References

[1] http://www.quranandscience.com/legislative/217-alcohol-in-islam.html

[2] http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs349/en/

[3] http://islamzpeace.com/2008/08/29/prohibition-of-alcohol-in-islam/

[4] http://islaahh.wordpress.com/2012/11/10/alcohol-khamr-mother-of-evils/

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