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AL-HASAN AL-BASRI


Al-Hasan Al-Basri bin Abi al-Hasan, the leader of the disciples of the Companions of the Prophet was, in fact, the son of Yasar the slave of Zayd ibn Thabit al-Ansari. His mother Umm ul-Hasan was a slave woman of Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet Muhammad (May Allah honour Him and grant Him Peace). So he was born in the house of the Prophet, and his father's master was one of the famous scribes who recorded Divine revelation for the unlettered Prophet.

 

Al-Hasan Al-Basri was one of the most renowned Tabi`een (the generation after the death of the Prophet) and prominent figures of his time. He was a jurist and a scholar. He was a pious and devout person. He was famous for his eloquence, inspiring speeches, wisdom, asceticism, and deep knowledge. He is the revered tabi`ee and the scholar of the people of Basrah, Abu Sa`eed Al-Hasan Ibn Abi Al-Hasan Ibn Yasaar Al-Basri.

 

Table of Contents

 

Birth Date and Place

Al-Hasan Al-Basri was born in Al-Madeenah in 21 AH/ 642 during the caliphate of the leader of the Believers, `Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab 

 

His early years of life

Al-Hasan spent his early years with his family in Waadi Al-Qura near Al-Madeenah. Before he was fourteen years old, he managed to memorize the Glorious Quran. He also learnt reading, writing, and some mathematics. He heard many sayings of the Companions of the Prophet and he used to listen to the leader of the Believers, `Uthmaan Ibn `Affaan whenever he delivered the Friday sermon. Al-Hasan was fourteen years old at that time.

 

When he was fifteen years old, Al-Hasan moved to Basrah, Iraq in 36 A.H. He began learning jurisprudence, Hadeeth, and the Arabic language at the hands of a large number of the companions of the Prophet who were living in Basrah at that time. 

 

His teachers

Ubayy ibn Ka'b, Sa'd ibn 'Ubadah, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, Thawban bin Bujdud, 'Ammar ibn Yasir, Abu Hurairah, 'Uthman bin Abi al-'Aas al-Thaqafi, Ma'qil bin Sinan al-Ashja'i, 'Uthman ibn 'AffaanAli ibn Abi Talib, Abu Musa al-Asha'ari, Abu Bakra al-Thaqafi, 'Imran bin Husain, Jundab bin 'Abdullah al-Bajli, ibn Umar, ibn Abbas, 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin al-'Aas, Mu'awiya ibn Abu Sufyan, Ma'qil bin Yasar al-Mazni, Anas bin Malik, Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, Several Others (May Allah be please with them All).

 

Scholars on Him

  • Abu Qataadah Al-`Adawi said: "Follow this scholar, for I have never seen a man who had similar opinions to `Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (R) except him."
  • Abu Qataadah also said: "Al-Hasan Al-Basri was one of the most knowledgeable people on the lawful and unlawful acts."
  • Humayd and Yoonus Ibn `Ubayd said: "We have never seen a man more decent and courteous than Al-Hasan Al-Basri." 
  • They also said: "We have seen many jurists, but none was more knowledgeable than Al-Hasan Al-Basri." 
  • `Awf said: "I have never seen a man who knows more about the way leading to Paradise except Al-Hasan." 

 

His death

Al-Hasan Al-Basri died on the first of Rajab, which was a Thursday night, 110 A.H., 728CE. His funeral was attended by a large number of people. Before his death, he stated that the following should be written down in his will:

 

This is what Al-Hasan Ibn Abi Al-Hasan believes: He testifies that none is worthy of being worshiped but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. Whoever sincerely believes in this upon his death will enter Paradise."

 

References

http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=articles&id=136052

 

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