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ABU HURAIRAH (MAY ALLAH BE PLEASED WITH HIM)


Abu Hurairah was one of the famous companion of Prophet Muhammad(S). Through this phrase millions of Muslims from the early history of Islam to the present have come to be familiar with the name Abu Hurayrah. In speeches and lectures, in Friday khutbahs and seminars, in the books of hadith and sirah, fiqh and ibadah, the n ame Abu Hurayrah is mentioned in this fashion: "On the authority of Abu Hurayrah, may God be pleased with him who said: The Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, said... ".

 

Table of Contents

 

Brief Biography

Hundreds of ahadith or sayings of the Prophet were transmitted to later generations. His is the foremost name in the roll of hadith transmitters. Next to him comes the names of such companions as Abdullah the son of Umar, Anas the son of Malik, Umm al-Mumininin Aishah, Jabir ibn Abdullah and Abu Said al-Khudri all of whom transmitted over a thousand sayings of the Prophet. Abu Hurayrah became a Muslim at the hands of at-Tufayl ibn Amr the chieftain of the Daws tribe to which he belonged. The Daws lived in the region of Tihamah which stretches along the coast of the Red Sea in southern Arabia. When at-Tufayl returned to his village after meeting the Prophet and becoming a Muslim in the early years of his mission, Abu Hurayrah was one of the first to respond to his call. He was unlike the majority of the Daws who remained stubborn in their old beliefs for a long time.

 

From Abdur Rahman to Abu Hurayrah

When at-Tufayl visited Makkah again, Abu Hurayrah accompanied him. There he had the honor and privilege of meeting the noble Prophet who asked him: "What is your name?"

"Abdu Shams - Servant of a Sun," he replied.

 

"Instead, let it be Abdur-Rahman - the Servant of the Beneficent Lord," said the Prophet.

"Yes, Abdur-Rahman (it shall be) O Messenger of God," he replied. However, he continued to be known as Abu Hurayrah, "the kitten man", literally "the father of a kitten" because like the Prophet he was fond of cats and since his childhood often had a cat to play with. Abu Hurayrah stayed in Tihamah for several years and it was only at the beginning of the seventh year

of the Hijrah that he arrived in Madinah with others of his tribe. The Prophet had gone on a campaign to Khaybar. Being destitute, Abu Hurayrah took up h is place in the Masjid with other of the Ahl as- Suffah. He was single, without wife or child. With him however was his mother who was still a mushrik. He longed, and prayed, for her to become a Muslim but she adamantly refused.

 

His amazing memory

Unlike many of the Muhajirin he did not busy himself' in the marketplaces, with buying and selling. Unlike many of the Ansar, he had no land to cultivate nor crops to tend. He stayed with the Prophet in Madinah and went with him on journeys and expeditions. Many companions were amazed at the number of hadith he had memorized and often questioned him on when he had heard a certain hadith and under what circumstances.

 

Once Marwan ibn al-Hakam wanted to test Abu Hurayrah's power of memory. He sat with him in one room and behind a curtain he placed a scribe, unknown to Abu Hurayrah, and ordered him to write down whatever Abu Hurayrah said. A year later, Marwan called Ab u Hurayrah again and asked him to recall the same ahadith which the scribe had recorded. It was found that he had forgotten not a single word. Abu Hurayrah was concerned to teach and transmit the ahadith he had memorized and knowledge of Islam in general. [1]

 

Full Name

Abu Hurairah, 'Abdullah (or `Abd al-Rahman or 'Abd Shams) ibn Sakhr Ad-Dausi

 

Parents

Umaima/Maymuna

 

Birth Date/Place

12 BH/603 CE (Baha, Yemen)

 

Death Date/Place

59 AH/681 CE (Medinah)[ Natural ]

 

Places of Stay

Makkah/Medina/Yemen/Bahrain

 

Area of Interest

Narrator [ ? - ????? ], Fiqh

 

Spouse(s)

Basra bint Ghazwan

 

Children

Daughter

 

Teachers/Narrated From

Muhammad (saw), Abu Bakr As-Siddique, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, Fadl ibn al-'Abbas, Ubayy ibn Ka'b, Usamah ibn Zayd, 'Aisha bint Abi Bakr, Ka'b al-Ahbar

 

Students/Narrated By

Mahrar bin Abi Huraira, ibn Abbas, ibn Umar, Anas bin Malik, Wathla bin al-'Asqa', Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, Marwan bin al-Hakam bin Abi al-'As, Qubaysa bin Zuwayb, Sa'id ibn al-Musayyib, Salman al-Aghar Abu 'Abdullah, Qays bin Abi Hazim, Malik bin Abi 'Amir, Abu Umama bin Sahl, Abu Idrees al-Khulani, Abu 'Uthman al-Nahdi, Abu Sufyan, Abu Rafi' al-Sa'agh, Abu Zara' bin 'Amr /Harm, al-Aghr Abu Muslim, ??? ????, Basr bin Sa'id al-Madni, Bashayr bin Nahayk, ???? ??????, Thabit bin Ayad al-Ahnf,Hafs bin 'Asim bin 'Umar, ????, Abu Salama bin 'Abdur Rahman, Hameed bin 'Abdur Rahman, Hanzalah bin 'Ali bin al-Aslami, Khbab al-Madni Sahb al-Mqswrh,Khalas bin 'Amr al-Hajri, al-Hakam bin Myna'a al-Ansari Mwlahm, Khalid bin Ghlaq, Ziyad bin Ryah, Salim bin 'Abdullah bin 'Umar, Zararah bin Awfa al-'Amiri al-Harshi, Salm Abu al-Ghyth al-Madni, Salm bin 'Abdullah al-Nasri, Kaysan Abu Sa'id al-Muqbari, Sa'id bin Abi Sa'id (Kaysan), al-Hasan al-Basri, Ibn Sirin, Sa'id bin 'Amr bin Sa'id bin al-Aas, Sulayman ibn Yasar, Sa'id bin Yasar, Abu al-Hubab, Sinan bin Abi Sinan, 'Amir bin Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas, Sharih bin Hani' al-Harithi, Shfa bin Mat', Tawus bin Kaysan, 'Ikrama, Mujahid bin Jabir, 'Ata' bin Abi Rabah, 'Amir al-Sha'bi, 'Abdullah bin Rbah, 'Abdullah bin Shaqayq al-Aqayli, Tha'laba bin Sa'ayr, ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??????, Sa'id bin al-Harith bin Abi Sa'id, Sa'id bin Sm'an al-Ansari, Sa'id bin Marjana

 

Narrations

Sahih Bukhari: 1004    Sahih Muslim: 1121

 

References

Books of al-Isabah [4/316] , al-Isabah [7/426,427,428,429,4] , Thiqat [Vol:3] , Tarikh-ul Kabir [Vol:6] , Tabaqat [Vol:4] , Siyar A'lam [2/578-632] , Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb [Vol:12] ,Taqrib al-Tahdheeb[680] [1][2]

[1] http://www.missionislam.com/knowledge/books/compprophet.pdf

[2] http://www.muslimscholars.info/

 

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